American Republic Chapter 9

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1.) What was the name of the small North African countries that were charging tribute on the Mediterranean sea?

Barbary States

2.) What was the name of the wars between the above Muslim countries and America?

Tripolitan War

3.) From which country did the US purchase the Louisiana Territory?

France

4.) What was the name of the leader of the above country at the time of the purchase?

Napoleon Bonaparte

5.) How much did the US pay for the Lousiana Purchase?

$15 Million

6.) How did Meriwether Lewis prepare for the expedition to explore the Lousiana Purchase?

He took crash courses in celestial navigation, geology, medicine, botany, and zoology.

7.) In what areas was William Clark experienced?

Wilderness, good surveyor, mapmaker, naturalist, and a leader in war.

8.) Which river's source did Lewis and Clark explore?

Missouri River

9.) Which tribe of Indians helped Lewis/Clark explore?

Shoshone

10.) Which river's source did Zebulon Pike explore on his first trip?

Mississippi River

11.) What did Pike discover on his second trip?

Pike's Peak, Rocky Mountains

12.) What did Britain's Orders in Council demand?

It required neutral ships to stop in England for inspection.

13.) What did France's Berlin & Milan Decrees demand?

It stated that neutral ships that traded with Britain or stopped for inspection could be seized.

14.) What was the Embargo Act of 1807?

It stopped all exports from the US and stopped imports from being allowed, Jefferson was the president.

15.) Which future president fought at the Battle of Tippecanoe?

William Harrison

16.) Who were the War Hawks?

A group of western/southern Congressman rallied under Henry Clay that were in support for war.

17.) What man was their leader?

Henry Clay

18.) What was the immediate cause for the outbreak of the War of 1812?

Slow communications

19-20.) Name two American handicaps heading into the War of 1812.

Army only had 6,700 men, most of which were in western forts, navy only had 16 vessels, communications were slow, the bank had no money/people wouldn't buy war bonds, and older generals.

21.) What ship experienced America's only successes in 1812?

USS Constitution

22.) Who led American victories on Lake Erie in 1813?

Oliver Hazard Perry

23.) Which Washington DC government building was NOT burned by the British in 1814?

Patent Office

24.) WHat city did Fort McHenry protect?

Baltimore, Maryland

25.) Who wrote The Star Spangled Banner after observing the Battle of Fort McHenry?

Francis Scott Key

26.) Who gained fame at the Battle of New Orleans?

Andrew Jackson

27.) What was unusual about the Battle of New Orleans?

It was fought after the war had officially ended.

28.) Which treaty ended the War of 1812?

Treaty of Ghent

29-33.) Name 5 results from the War of 1812.

US gained respect in eyes of other nations, greater sense of nationalism, new heroes emerged-Andrew Jackson and Harrison, America developed much of her own industry, brought freedom from European conflicts, changed political parties-Federalist pretty much died and Republicans changed stand slightly on some issues

34.) Who was president during the Era of Good Feelings?

James Monroe

35-36.) What were this man's two conditions on running for president?

He would not be tied to a single political party and he would not wage an active campaign; he would let his record speak for him.

37.) Who served as the above president's Secretary of State?

John Quincy Adams.

38.) What is a caucus?

A closed meeting of party leaders.

39.) What is an incumbent?

Current office-holder.

40.) Why was this time called the "Era of Good Feelings?"

Time of harmony; no international conflicts, political rivalries weren't intense, sectional differences between North/South/West stayed calm.

41.) Why did America want Spain to get better control of their territory in Florida?

Indian threats, it was a haven for smugglers, runaway slaves ran here, and Indians/slaves often attacked American settlements.

42.) Who was sent to the Florida border but invaded instead?

Andrew Jackson

43.) From what country, and for how much did the US purchase Florida?

Spain, $5 million.

44.) What country was moving in on US and British claims in the Pacific coast?

Russia

45.) What was the main idea of the Monroe Doctrine?

It told Europeans not to meddle in the Western Hemisphere and the US wouldn't get involved unnecessarily in European affairs.

46.) What caused the economy to collapse in 1819?

The state banks were printing money with no gold/silver to back it, so when the national bank called in loans, they couldn't pay, and economy collapsed.

47.) What was the result of McCulloch vs. Maryland?

The court ruled that a state cannot tax the federal government because "power to tax involves the power to destroy."

48.) What did the Missouri Compromise say?

Missouri would be a slave state, Maine would be a free state, and all future states above Missouri's southern border would be free states.

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