Testing the system

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# Right & # Wrong of #

Are plant cells prokaryotic or eukaryotic

Eukaryotic

Front image: 

Are animal cells prokaryotic or eukaryotic

Eukaryotic

Material inside a cell where most reactions take place

Cytoplasm

Small ring of DNA found in bacterial cells

Plasmid

Surrounds the cell and provides strength and support

Cell wall

Are bacteria cells prokaryotic or eukaryotic

Prokaryotic

Which organelle is responsible for photosynthesis

Chloroplast

Which organelle is responsible for aerobic respiration

Mitochondria

Which part of the cell is responsible for anaerobic respiration

Cytoplasm

Which organelle is responsible for protein synthesis

Ribosomes

Which organelle is responsible for controlling what enters and leaves the cell

Cell membrane

Which organelle is responsible for controlling the cell

Nucleus

What name is given to cells with chromosomes enclosed by a membrane

eukaryotes

Which organisms contain chloroplasts

plants

Name the structure that contains chromosomes

nucleus

https://i.imgur.com/CLWECwK.png

Cell membrane

https://i.imgur.com/Bs95VEf.png

Mitochondria

https://i.imgur.com/QpCS5wX.png

Cytoplasm

https://i.imgur.com/Stwcyw5.png

Nucleus

https://i.imgur.com/KrngIj1.png

Chloroplast

https://i.imgur.com/8MIClZ9.png

Cell wall

https://i.imgur.com/1mxNtfy.png

Ribosome

Protein tubules that form a dynamic scaffolding for many cellular processes, involved in movement

microtubules

Long, slender cellular structure used for movement, act like propellers

flagella

Semifluid substance enclosed by a cell's plasma membrane, common to all cell types

cytoplasm

Type of extra cellular matrix secreted by cells at a body surface, helps to prevent water loss in plants

cuticle

An organelle with two membranes that holds the cell's DNA in a eukaryotic cell

nucleus

Extracellular ______ is a complex mixture of molecules that varies by cell type, but often includes polysaccharides and fibrous proteins

matrix

Organelle that produces ATP

mitochondria

Reinforcing cytoskeleton element that functions in cell movement

microfilament

Community of microorganisms living with a shared mass of slime

biofilm

This membrane encloses a cell and separates it from the external environment

plasma

This membrane protein that triggers a change in cell activity in response to a stimulus such as binding a certain substance

receptor

A protein filament that projects from the surface of some prokaryotic cells

pili

Short, moveable structures that project from the plasma membrane of some eukaryotic cells

cilia

This protein speeds up reactions at membranes

enzymes

A ___________ electron microscope directs a beam of electrons back and forth across the surface of a specimen that has been coated with a thin layer of gold or other metal, the irradiated metal emits electrons and x-rays which are converted into an image

scanning

Organelles specialized for photosynthesis found in plants and many protists

chloroplasts

A _____________ electron microscope directs electrons through a thin specimen, and the specimen's internal details appear as shadows in the resulting image

transmission

Organelles responsible for assembly of polypeptides

ribosomes

General term for a structure that carries out a special metabolic function inside a cell

organelle

A system of protein filaments found between the nucleus and plasma membrane

cytoskeleton

The cell _____ is rigid, permeable to water, surrounds the plasma membrane and protects the cell and supports its shape

wall

What name is given to cells with a single ring of dna floating freely in the cytoplasm

prokaryotes

Compare plant and bacterial cells

Similarities: they both have cytoplasm, a cell membrane, a cell wall, ribosomes and genetic material.

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