SAT Vocabulary Words 19

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Approximately 5000 vocabulary words that should be memorized before taking the SAT. This lesson is broken into 26 parts.

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overhang

overhang (n)
A portion of a structure which projects or hangs over.

overleap

overleap (v)
To leap beyond.

overlord

overlord (n)
One who holds supremacy over another.

overpass

overpass (v)
To pass across or over, as a river.

overpay

overpay (v)
To pay or reward in excess.

overpower

overpower (v)
To gain supremacy or victory over by superior power.

overproduction

overproduction (n)
Excessive production.

overreach

overreach (v)
To stretch out too far.

overrun

overrun (v)
To infest or ravage.

oversee

oversee (v)
To superintend.

overseer

overseer (n)
A supervisor.

overshadow

overshadow (v)
To cast into the shade or render insignificant by comparison.

overstride

overstride (v)
To step beyond.

overthrow

overthrow (v)
To vanquish an established ruler or government.

overtone

overtone (n)
A harmonic.

overture

overture (n)
An instrumental prelude to an opera, oratorio, or ballet.

overweight

overweight (n)
Preponderance.

pacify

pacify (v)
To bring into a peaceful state.

packet

packet (n)
A bundle, as of letters.

pact

pact (n)
A covenant.

pagan

pagan (n)
A worshiper of false gods.

pageant

pageant (n)
A dramatic representation, especially a spectacular one.

palate

palate (n)
The roof of the mouth.

palatial

palatial (adj)
Magnificent.

paleontology

paleontology (n)
The branch of biology that treats of ancient life and fossil organisms.

palette

palette (n)
A thin tablet, with a hole for the thumb, upon which artists lay their colors for painting.

palinode

palinode (n)
A retraction.

pall

pall (v)
To make dull by satiety.

palliate

palliate (v)
To cause to appear less guilty.

pallid

pallid (adj)
Of a pale or wan appearance.

palpable

palpable (n)
perceptible by feeling or touch.

palsy

palsy (n)
Paralysis.

paly

paly (adj)
Lacking color or brilliancy.

pamphlet

pamphlet (n)
A brief treatise or essay, usually on a subject of current interest.

pamphleteer

pamphleteer (v)
To compose or issue pamphlets, especially controversial ones.

panacea

panacea (n)
A remedy or medicine proposed for or professing to cure all diseases.

Pan-American

Pan-American (adj)
Including or pertaining to the whole of America, both North and South.

pandemic

pandemic (adj)
Affecting a whole people or all classes, as a disease.

pandemonium

pandemonium (n)
A fiendish or riotous uproar.

panegyric

panegyric (n)
A formal and elaborate eulogy, written or spoken, of a person or of an act.

panel

panel (n)
A rectangular piece set in or as in a frame.

panic

panic (n)
A sudden, unreasonable, overpowering fear.

panoply

panoply (n)
A full set of armor.

panorama

panorama (n)
A series of large pictures representing a continuous scene.

pantheism

pantheism (n)
The worship of nature for itself or its beauty.

Pantheon

Pantheon (n)
A circular temple at Rome with a fine Corinthian portico and a great domed roof.

pantomime

pantomime (n)
Sign-language.

pantoscope

pantoscope (n)
A very wide-angled photographic lens.

papacy

papacy (n)
The official head of the Roman Catholic Church.

papyrus

papyrus (n)
The writing-paper of the ancient Egyptians, and later of the Romans.

parable

parable (n)
A brief narrative founded on real scenes or events usually with a moral.

paradox

paradox (n)
A statement or doctrine seemingly in contradiction to the received belief.

paragon

paragon (n)
A model of excellence.

parallel

parallel (v)
To cause to correspond or lie in the same direction and equidistant in all parts.

parallelism

parallelism (n)
Essential likeness.

paralysis

paralysis (n)
Loss of the power of contractility in the voluntary or involuntary muscles.

paralyze

paralyze (v)
To deprive of the power to act.

paramount

paramount (adj)
Supreme in authority.

paramour

paramour (n)
One who is unlawfully and immorally a lover or a mistress.

paraphernalia

paraphernalia (n)
Miscellaneous articles of equipment or adornment.

paraphrase

paraphrase (v)
Translate freely.

pare

pare (v)
To cut, shave, or remove (the outside) from anything.

parentage

parentage (n)
The relation of parent to child, of the producer to the produced, or of cause to effect.

Pariah

Pariah (n)
A member of a degraded class; a social outcast.

parish

parish (n)
The ecclesiastical district in charge of a pastor.

Parisian

Parisian (adj)
Of or pertaining to the city of Paris.

parity

parity (n)
Equality, as of condition or rank.

parlance

parlance (n)
Mode of speech.

parley

parley (v)
To converse in.

parliament

parliament (n)
A legislative body.

parlor

parlor (n)
A room for reception of callers or entertainment of guests.

parody

parody (v)
To render ludicrous by imitating the language of.

paronymous

paronymous (adj)
Derived from the same root or primitive word.

paroxysm

paroxysm (n)
A sudden outburst of any kind of activity.

parricide

parricide (n)
The murder of a parent.

parse

parse (v)
To describe, as a sentence, by separating it into its elements and describing each word.

parsimonious

parsimonious (adj)
Unduly sparing in the use or expenditure of money.

partible

partible (adj)
Separable.

participant

participant (n)
One having a share or part.

participate

participate (v)
To receive or have a part or share of.

partition

partition (n)
That which separates anything into distinct parts.

partisan

partisan (adj)
Characterized by or exhibiting undue or unreasoning devotion to a party.

passible

passible (adj)
Capable of feeling of suffering.

passive

passive (adj)
Unresponsive.

pastoral

pastoral (adj)
Having the spirit or sentiment of rural life.

paternal

paternal (adj)
Fatherly.

paternity

paternity (n)
Fatherhood.

pathos

pathos (n)
The quality in any form of representation that rouses emotion or sympathy.

patriarch

patriarch (n)
The chief of a tribe or race who rules by paternal right.

patrician

patrician (adj)
Of senatorial or noble rank.

patrimony

patrimony (n)
An inheritance from an ancestor, especially from one's father.

patriotism

patriotism (n)
Love and devotion to one's country.

patronize

patronize (v)
To exercise an arrogant condescension toward.

patronymic

patronymic (adj)
Formed after one's father's name.

patter

patter (v)
To mumble something over and over.

paucity

paucity (n)
Fewness.

pauper

pauper (n)
One without means of support.

pauperism

pauperism (n)
Dependence on charity.

pavilion

pavilion (n)
An open structure for temporary shelter.

payee

payee (n)
A person to whom money has been or is to be paid.

peaceable

peaceable (adj)
Tranquil.

peaceful

peaceful (adj)
Tranquil.

peccable

peccable (adj)
Capable of sinning.

peccadillo

peccadillo (n)
A small breach of propriety or principle.

peccant

peccant (adj)
Guilty.

pectoral

pectoral (adj)
Pertaining to the breast or thorax.

pecuniary

pecuniary (adj)
Consisting of money.

pedagogics

pedagogics (n)
The science and art of teaching.

pedagogue

pedagogue (n)
A schoolmaster.

pedagogy

pedagogy (n)
The science and art of teaching

pedal

pedal (n)
A lever for the foot usually applied only to musical instruments, cycles, and other machines.

pedant

pedant (n)
A scholar who makes needless and inopportune display of his learning.

peddle

peddle (v)
To go about with a small stock of goods to sell.

pedestal

pedestal (n)
A base or support as for a column, statue, or vase.

pedestrian

pedestrian (n)
One who journeys on foot.

pediatrics

pediatrics (n)
The department of medical science that relates to the treatment of diseases of childhood.

pedigree

pedigree (n)
One's line of ancestors.

peddler

peddler (n)
One who travels from house to house with an assortment of goods for retail.

peerage

peerage (n)
The nobility.

peerless

peerless (adj)
Of unequaled excellence or worth.

peevish

peevish (adj)
Petulant. (irritable)

pellucid

pellucid (adj)
Translucent.

penalty

penalty (n)
The consequences that follow the transgression of natural or divine law.

penance

penance (n)
Punishment to which one voluntarily submits or subjects himself as an expression of penitence.

penchant

penchant (n)
A bias in favor of something.

pendant

pendant (n)
Anything that hangs from something else, either for ornament or for use.

pendulous

pendulous (adj)
Hanging, especially so as to swing by an attached end or part.

pendulum

pendulum (n)
A weight hung on a rod, serving by its oscillation to regulate the rate of a clock.

penetrable

penetrable (adj)
That may be pierced by physical, moral, or intellectual force.

penetrate

penetrate (v)
To enter or force a way into the interior parts of.

penetration

penetration (n)
Discernment.

peninsular

peninsular (adj)
Pertaining to a piece of land almost surrounded by water.

penitence

penitence (n)
Sorrow for sin with desire to amend and to atone.

penitential

penitential (adj)
Pertaining to sorrow for sin with desire to amend and to atone.

pennant

pennant (n)
A small flag.

pension

pension (n)
A periodical allowance to an individual on account of past service done by him/her.

pentagram

pentagram (n)
A figure having five points or lobes.

pentavalent

pentavalent (adj)
Quinqeuvalent.

pentad

pentad (n)
The number five.

pentagon

pentagon (n)
A figure, especially, with five angles and five sides.

pentahedron

pentahedron (n)
A solid bounded by five plane faces.

pentameter

pentameter (n)
In prosody, a line of verse containing five units or feet.

pentathlon

pentathlon (n)
The contest of five associated exercises in the great games and the same contestants.

penultimate

penultimate (adj)
A syllable or member of a series that is last but one.

penurious

penurious (adj)
Excessively sparing in the use of money.

penury

penury (n)
Indigence.

perambulate

perambulate (v)
To walk about.

perceive

perceive (v)
To have knowledge of, or receive impressions concerning, through the medium of the body senses.

perceptible

perceptible (adj)
Cognizable.

perception

perception (n)
Knowledge through the senses of the existence and properties of matter or the external world.

percipience

percipience (n)
The act of perceiving.

percipient

percipient (n)
One who or that which perceives.

percolate

percolate (v)
To filter.

percolator

percolator (n)
A filter.

percussion

percussion (n)
The sharp striking of one body against another.

peremptory

peremptory (adj)
Precluding question or appeal.

perennial

perennial (adj)
Continuing though the year or through many years.

perfectible

perfectible (adj)
Capable of being made perfect.

perfidy

perfidy (n)
Treachery.

perforate

perforate (v)
To make a hole or holes through.

perform

perform (v)
To accomplish.

perfumery

perfumery (n)
The preparation of perfumes.

perfunctory

perfunctory (adj)
Half-hearted.

perhaps

perhaps (adv)
Possibly.

perigee

perigee (n)
The point in the orbit of the moon when it is nearest the earth.

periodicity

periodicity (n)
The habit or characteristic of recurrence at regular intervals.

peripatetic

peripatetic (adj)
Walking about.

perjure

perjure (v)
To swear falsely to.

perjury

perjury (n)
A solemn assertion of a falsity.

permanence

permanence (n)
A continuance in the same state, or without any change that destroys the essential form or nature.

permanent

permanent (adj)
Durable.

permeate

permeate (v)
To pervade.

permissible

permissible (adj)
That may be allowed.

permutation

permutation (n)
Reciprocal change, different ordering of same items.

pernicious

pernicious (adj)
Tending to kill or hurt.

perpendicular

perpendicular (adj)
Straight up and down.

perpetrator

perpetrator (n)
The doer of a wrong or a criminal act.

perpetuate

perpetuate (v)
To preserve from extinction or oblivion.

perquisite

perquisite (n)
Any profit from service beyond the amount fixed as salary or wages.

persecution

persecution (n)
Harsh or malignant oppression.

perseverance

perseverance (n)
A persistence in purpose and effort.

persevere

persevere (v)
To continue striving in spite of discouragements.

persiflage

persiflage (n)
Banter.

persist

persist (v)
To continue steadfast against opposition.

persistence

persistence (n)
A fixed adherence to a resolve, course of conduct, or the like.

personage

personage (n)
A man or woman as an individual, especially one of rank or high station.

personal

personal (adj)
Not general or public.

personality

personality (n)
The attributes, taken collectively, that make up the character and nature of an individual.

personnel

personnel (n)
The force of persons collectively employed in some service.

perspective

perspective (n)
The relative importance of facts or matters from any special point of view.

perspicacious

perspicacious (adj)
Astute.

perspicacity

perspicacity (n)
Acuteness or discernment.

perspicuous

perspicuous (adj)
Lucid.

perspiration

perspiration (n)
Sweat.

perspire

perspire (v)
To excrete through the pores of the skin.

persuade

persuade (v)
To win the mind of by argument, eloquence, evidence, or reflection.