SAT Vocabulary Words 4

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Approximately 5000 vocabulary words that should be memorized before taking the SAT. This lesson is broken into 26 parts.

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botanical

botanical (adj)
Connected with the study or cultivation of plants.

botanize

botanize (v)
To study plant-life.

botany

botany (n)
The science that treats of plants.

bountiful

bountiful (adj)
Showing abundance.

Bowdlerize

Bowdlerize (v)
To expurgate in editing (a literary composition) by omitting words or passages.

bowler

bowler (n)
In cricket, the player who delivers the ball.

boycott

boycott (v)
To place the products or merchandise of under a ban.

brae

brae (n)
Hillside.

braggart

braggart (n)
A vain boaster.

brandish

brandish (v)
To wave, shake, or flourish triumphantly or defiantly, as a sword or spear.

bravado

bravado (n)
An aggressive display of boldness.

bray

bray (n)
A loud harsh sound, as the cry of an ass or the blast of a horn.

braze

braze (v)
To make of or ornament with brass.

brazier

brazier (n)
An open pan or basin for holding live coals.

breach

breach (n)
The violation of official duty, lawful right, or a legal obligation.

breaker

breaker (n)
One who trains horses, dogs, etc.

breech

breech (n)
The buttocks.

brethren

brethren (n)
pl. Members of a brotherhood, gild, profession, association, or the like.

brevity

brevity (n)
Shortness of duration.

bric-a-brac

bric-a-brac (n)
Objects of curiosity or for decoration.

bridle

bridle (n)
The head-harness of a horse consisting of a head-stall, a bit, and the reins.

brigade

brigade (n)
A body of troops consisting of two or more regiments.

brigadier

brigadier (n)
General officer who commands a brigade, ranking between a colonel and a major-general.

brigand

brigand (n)
One who lives by robbery and plunder.

brimstone

brimstone (n)
Sulfur.

brine

brine (n)
Water saturated with salt.

bristle

bristle (n)
One of the coarse, stiff hairs of swine: used in brush-making, etc.

Britannia

Britannia (n)
The United Kingdom of Great Britain.

Briticism

Briticism (n)
A word, idiom, or phrase characteristic of Great Britain or the British.

brittle

brittle (adj)
Fragile.

broach

broach (v)
To mention, for the first time.

broadcast

broadcast (adj)
Disseminated far and wide.

brogan

brogan (n)
A coarse, heavy shoe.

brogue

brogue (n)
Any dialectic pronunciation of English, especially that of the Irish people.

brokerage

brokerage (n)
The business of making sales and purchases for a commission; a broker.

bromine

bromine (n)
A dark reddish-brown, non-metallic liquid element with a suffocating odor.

bronchitis

bronchitis (n)
Inflammation of the bronchial tubes.

bronchus

bronchus (n)
Either of the two subdivisions of the trachea conveying air into the lungs.

brooch

brooch (n)
An article of jewelry fastened by a hinged pin and hook on the underside.

brotherhood

brotherhood (n)
Spiritual or social fellowship or solidarity.

browbeat

browbeat (v)
To overwhelm, or attempt to do so, by stern, haughty, or rude address or manner.

brusque

brusque (adj)
Somewhat rough or rude in manner or speech.

buffoon

buffoon (n)
A clown.

buffoonery

buffoonery (n)
Low drollery, coarse jokes, etc.

bulbous

bulbous (adj)
Of, or pertaining to, or like a bulb.

bullock

bullock (n)
An ox.

bulrush

bulrush (n)
Any one of various tall rush-like plants growing in damp ground or water.

bulwark

bulwark (n)
Anything that gives security or defense.

bumper

bumper (n)
A cup or glass filled to the brim, especially one to be drunk as a toast or health.

bumptious

bumptious (adj)
Full of offensive and aggressive self-conceit.

bungle

bungle (v)
To execute clumsily.

buoyancy

buoyancy (n)
Power or tendency to float on or in a liquid or gas.

buoyant

buoyant (adj)
Having the power or tendency to float or keep afloat.

bureau

bureau (n)
A chest of drawers for clothing, etc.

bureaucracy

bureaucracy (n)
Government by departments of men transacting particular branches of public business.

burgess

burgess (n)
In colonial times, a member of the lower house of the legislature of Maryland or Virginia.

burgher

burgher (n)
An inhabitant, citizen or freeman of a borough burgh, or corporate town.

burnish

burnish (v)
To make brilliant or shining.

bursar

bursar (n)
A treasurer.

bustle

bustle (v)
To hurry.

butt

butt (v)
To strike with or as with the head, or horns.

butte

butte (n)
A conspicuous hill, low mountain, or natural turret, generally isolated.

buttress

buttress (n)
Any support or prop.

by-law

by-law (n)
A rule or law adopted by an association, a corporation, or the like.

cabal

cabal (n)
A number of persons secretly united for effecting by intrigue some private purpose.

cabalism

cabalism (n)
Superstitious devotion to one's religion.

cabinet

cabinet (n)
The body of men constituting the official advisors of the executive head of a nation.

cacophony

cacophony (n)
A disagreeable, harsh, or discordant sound or combination of sounds or tones.

cadaverous

cadaverous (adj)
Resembling a corpse.

cadence

cadence (n)
Rhythmical or measured flow or movement, as in poetry or the time and pace of marching troops.

cadenza

cadenza (n)
An embellishment or flourish, prepared or improvised, for a solo voice or instrument.

caitiff

caitiff (adj)
Cowardly.

cajole

cajole (v)
To impose on or dupe by flattering speech.

cajolery

cajolery (n)
Delusive speech.

calculable

calculable (adj)
That may be estimated by reckoning.

calculus

calculus (n)
A concretion formed in various parts of the body resembling a pebble in hardness.

callosity

callosity (n)
The state of being hard and insensible.

callow

callow (adj)
Without experience of the world.

calorie

calorie (n)
Amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water 1 degree centigrade.

calumny

calumny (n)
Slander.

Calvary

Calvary (n)
The place where Christ was crucified.

Calvinism

Calvinism (n)
The system of doctrine taught by John Calvin.

Calvinize

Calvinize (v)
To teach or imbue with the doctrines of Calvinism.

came

came (n)
A leaden sash-bar or grooved strip for fastening panes in stained-glass windows.

cameo

cameo (n)
Any small engraved or carved work in relief.

campaign

campaign (n)
A complete series of connected military operations.

Canaanite

Canaanite (n)
A member of one of the three tribes that dwelt in the land of Canaan, or western Palestine.

canary

canary (adj)
Of a bright but delicate yellow.

candid

candid (adj)
Straightforward.

candor

candor (n)
The quality of frankness or outspokenness.

canine

canine (adj)
Characteristic of a dog.

canon

canon (n)
Any rule or law.

cant

cant (v)
To talk in a singsong, preaching tone with affected solemnity.

cantata

cantata (n)
A choral composition.

canto

canto (n)
One of the divisions of an extended poem.

cantonment

cantonment (n)
The part of the town or district in which the troops are quartered.

capacious

capacious (adj)
Roomy.

capillary

capillary (n)
A minute vessel having walls composed of a single layer of cells.

capitulate

capitulate (v)
To surrender or stipulate terms.

caprice

caprice (n)
A whim.

caption

caption (n)
A heading, as of a chapter, section, document, etc.

captious

captious (adj)
Hypercritical.

captivate

captivate (v)
To fascinate, as by excellence. eloquence, or beauty.

carcass

carcass (n)
The dead body of an animal.

cardiac

cardiac (adj)
Pertaining to the heart.

cardinal

cardinal (adj)
Of prime or special importance.

caret

caret (n)
A sign (^) placed below a line, indicating where omitted words, etc., should be inserted.

caricature

caricature (n)
a picture or description in which natural characteristics are exaggerated or distorted.

carnage

carnage (n)
Massacre.

carnal

carnal (adj)
Sensual.

carnivorous

carnivorous (adj)
Eating or living on flesh.

carouse

carouse (v)
To drink deeply and in boisterous or jovial manner.

carrion

carrion (n)
Dead and putrefying flesh.

cartilage

cartilage (n)
An elastic animal tissue of firm consistence.

cartridge

cartridge (n)
A charge for a firearm, or for blasting.

caste

caste (n)
The division of society on artificial grounds.

castigate

castigate (v)
To punish.

casual

casual (adj)
Accidental, by chance.

casualty

casualty (n)
A fatal or serious accident or disaster.

cataclysm

cataclysm (n)
Any overwhelming flood of water.

cataract

cataract (n)
Opacity of the lens of the eye resulting in complete or partial blindness.

catastrophe

catastrophe (n)
Any great and sudden misfortune or calamity.

cathode

cathode (n)
The negative pole or electrode of a galvanic battery.

Catholicism

Catholicism (n)
The system, doctrine, and practice of the Roman Catholic Church.

catholicity

catholicity (n)
Universal prevalence or acceptance.

cat-o-nine-tails

cat-o-nine-tails (n)
An instrument consisting of nine pieces of cord, formerly used for flogging in the army and navy.

caucus

caucus (n)
A private meeting of members of a political party to select candidates.

causal

causal (adj)
Indicating or expressing a cause.

caustic

caustic (adj)
Sarcastic and severe.

cauterize

cauterize (v)
To burn or sear as with a heated iron.

cede

cede (v)
To pass title to.

censor

censor (n)
An official examiner of manuscripts empowered to prohibit their publication.

censorious

censorious (adj)
Judging severely or harshly.

census

census (n)
An official numbering of the people of a country or district.

centenary

centenary (adj)
Pertaining to a hundred years or a period of a hundred years.

centiliter

centiliter (n)
A hundredth of a liter.

centimeter

centimeter (n)
A length of one hundredth of a meter.

centurion

centurion (n)
A captain of a company of one hundred infantry in the ancient Roman army.

cereal

cereal (adj)
Pertaining to edible grain or farinaceous seeds.

ceremonial

ceremonial (adj)
Characterized by outward form or ceremony.

ceremonious

ceremonious (adj)
Observant of ritual.

cessation

cessation (n)
Discontinuance, as of action or motion.

cession

cession (n)
Surrender, as of possessions or rights.

chagrin

chagrin (n)
Keen vexation, annoyance, or mortification, as at one's failures or errors.

chameleon

chameleon (adj)
Changeable in appearance.

chancery

chancery (n)
A court of equity, as distinguished from a common-law court.

chaos

chaos (n)
Any condition of which the elements or parts are in utter disorder and confusion.

characteristic

characteristic (n)
A distinctive feature.

characterize

characterize (v)
To describe by distinctive marks or peculiarities.

charlatan

charlatan (n)
A quack.

chasm

chasm (n)
A yawning hollow, as in the earth's surface.

chasten

chasten (v)
To purify by affliction.

chastise

chastise (v)
To subject to punitive measures.

chastity

chastity (n)
Sexual or moral purity.

chateau

chateau (n)
A castle or manor-house.

chattel

chattel (n)
Any article of personal property.

check

check (v)
To hold back.

chiffon

chiffon (n)
A very thin gauze used for trimmings, evening dress, etc.

chivalry

chivalry (n)
The knightly system of feudal times with its code, usages and practices.

cholera

cholera (n)
An acute epidemic disease.

choleric

choleric (adj)
Easily provoked to anger.

choral

choral (adj)
Pertaining to, intended for, or performed by a chorus or choir.

Christ

Christ (n)
A title of Jesus

christen

christen (v)
To name in baptism.

Christendom

Christendom (n)
That part of the world where Christianity is generally professed.

chromatic

chromatic (adj)
Belonging, relating to, or abounding in color.

chronology

chronology (n)
The science that treats of computation of time or of investigation and arrangement of events.

chronometer

chronometer (n)
A portable timekeeper of the highest attainable precision.

cipher

cipher (v)
To calculate arithmetically. (also a noun meaning zero or nothing)

circulate

circulate (v)
To disseminate.

circumference

circumference (n)
The boundary-line of a circle.

circumlocution

circumlocution (n)
Indirect or roundabout expression.

circumnavigate

circumnavigate (v)
To sail quite around.

circumscribe

circumscribe (v)
To confine within bounds.

circumspect

circumspect (adj)
Showing watchfulness, caution, or careful consideration.

citadel

citadel (n)
Any strong fortress.

cite

cite (v)
To refer to specifically.

claimant

claimant (n)
One who makes a claim or demand, as of right.

clairvoyance

clairvoyance (n)
Intuitive sagacity or perception.

clamorous

clamorous (adj)
Urgent in complaint or demand.

clan

clan (n)
A tribe.

clandestine

clandestine (adj)
Surreptitious.

clangor

clangor (n)
Clanking or a ringing, as of arms, chains, or bells; clamor.

clarify

clarify (v)
To render intelligible.

clarion

clarion (n)
A small shrill trumpet or bugle.

classify

classify (v)
To arrange in a class or classes on the basis of observed resemblance’s and differences.

clearance

clearance (n)
A certificate from the proper authorities that a vessel has complied with the law and may sail.

clemency

clemency (n)
Mercy.

clement

clement (adj)
Compassionate.

close-hauled

close-hauled (adj)
Having the sails set for sailing as close to the wind as possible.

clothier

clothier (n)
One who makes or sells cloth or clothing.

clumsy

clumsy (adj)
Awkward of movement.

coagulate

coagulate (v)
To change into a clot or a jelly, as by heat, by chemical action, or by a ferment.

coagulant

coagulant (adj)
Producing coagulation.

coalescence

coalescence (n)
The act or process of coming together so as to form one body, combination, or product.

coalition

coalition (n)
Combination in a body or mass.